Between three and 20 full-term infants out of 1,000 live births are born with a condition called hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. This refers to any dysfunction of the brain caused by a reduction in oxygen and blood going to the brain. Texas residents should know that among pre-term infants, 60% develop HIE.
Although it's not common, some pregnant women in Texas may suffer from a condition known as HELLP syndrome. It's important that HELLP is recognized because it can have a maternal mortality rate of 1.1% and an infant mortality rate of 10% to 60%.
Intraventricular hemorrhage is a condition that frequently develops in newborns, especially those born more than 10 weeks early when their blood vessels are not fully developed. The condition refers to bleeding in the ventricles, or fluid-filled areas, of the brain. Texas residents should know that there are four grades of IVH. Grades 3 and 4 IVH can be severe, pressing on the brain tissue and even directly involving it.
Brachial plexus injuries are a form of spinal trauma that can occur during childbirth. According to the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine, these injuries account for about two of every 1000 births.
Soon-to-be mothers in Texas may want to know about a rare birth injury called Klumpke paralysis. This paralysis is caused by injuries to the brachial plexus, a network of nerves extending from the spinal cord to the first rib and to the armpits. These nerves control movement in the shoulders, arms and hands.
Vacuum extraction describes the use of a vacuum-powered suction cup during birth to aid the movement of an infant through the vagina during delivery. Women in Texas might be asked to consent to this procedure when their physicians deem the labor to be prolonged or if continued labor could jeopardize the health of the mother or infant. This procedure must be done in a birthing center or hospital capable of providing cesarean sections if the emergency surgery becomes necessary. Although uncommon, injuries to the mother or infant can result from vacuum extraction.