Spina bifida is a birth defect where the spine does not grow around the nerves of the spinal column, leaving the nerves vulnerable to injury. Expectant mothers in Texas should know that they can reduce the risk for spina bifida by as much as 70 percent by taking folic acid supplements. Doctors can screen for the condition as early as 21 weeks into a pregnancy.
Umbilical cord compression is a condition with serious health risks. Various injuries can result in pressure being exerted on the umbilical cord, but the most common cause of compression, Texas residents should know, is umbilical cord relapse. This occurs when the umbilical cord slips ahead of the infant before birth and becomes compressed in the birth canal.
Texas parents who have a child with a condition stemming from a birth injury may wonder if they were negligent in any way. Actually, many birth injuries are the fault of the health care providers, and they are frequently drug-related. Perhaps the wrong drug is administered, or the wrong dosage or the right dosage at the wrong time.
Childbirth in Texas should be a joyous time for expectant parents. However, complications can develop with life-long consequences for the baby or the mother in labor. When the injuries are due to medical malpractice, the stress can be overwhelming.
Texas parents who are expecting the birth of a child should know about a potential birth injury called infant brain ischemia. Brain ischemia is a starving of the brain due to lack of blood and oxygen. It is like the opposite of a brain hemorrhage, and both result in brain damage. Symptoms can include vertigo, loss of coordination, blindness in one eye and weakness in one arm or one leg, one side of the body or both sides.
Infant torticollis, or "wry neck," is a common neck condition that occurs in approximately three out of every 100 babies in Texas and across the United States. It can be congenital and occur due to the baby's positioning in the uterus, or it may occur as the result of traumatic birth. In rare cases, it occurs later in childhood due to an injury or illness. Though the condition is treatable, it requires a prompt diagnosis in order to begin treatment as soon as possible.
In Texas and across the US, it is not uncommon for babies to incur broken or fractured bones during the delivery process. While these injuries are usually not life-threatening, they do require the proper treatment, or they will lead to permanent issues. Symptoms of infant broken bones include swelling, inability to move the broken limb and continual crying. Symptoms of infant fractures include the above as well as redness, bruising and deformity.
Some Texas mothers give birth to babies who develop jaundice. For many infants, jaundice is normal and is not serious. It usually will go away on its own in a week or two although it may require careful monitoring. Usually, jaundice is just a sign that the child's liver has not quite started to work at full capacity yet. However, there are also circumstances in which jaundice may happen for other reasons and in which it can become very serious.
Typically, a baby born in Texas is delivered without any major complications. However, there are times when a medical professional may need to intervene to ensure that delivery can be completed successfully. Intervention may be needed if the baby is larger than average, or there are issues with the umbilical cord. It may also be needed if the birth occurs too early.
Studies show that between 1.5 and 6 percent of all births performed by cesarean section in Texas and across the U.S. result in fetal lacerations. Most birth injuries of this type are minor, but some are severe enough to require surgical repair.