In Texas and across the U.S., many infants born prematurely suffer a brain injury called periventricular leukomalacia, or PVL. The ventricles, or fluid-filled areas, of the brain are fragile before 32 weeks of gestation, and changes to blood flow in these areas can easily lead to PVL. Infection during delivery is another possible cause of PVL.
Jaundice occurs when the blood has high levels of bilirubin, a yellow substance created from the replacement of old red blood cells. In a baby, the placenta breaks down bilirubin before the liver takes over, but liver development may be slow. Therefore, it's not unusual for infants to be born with high bilirubin levels and develop jaundice. Expectant mothers in Texas may want to know more.
Texans who are expecting a child will be excited about the future. As they take the necessary steps to plan for the birth, they are placing significant trust in the medical professionals caring for the expectant mother and unborn baby. Unfortunately, this trust can be misplaced and errors can happen. In some cases, these errors result in birth injuries that can have a lasting impact on the child’s life. Testing procedures must be followed. If they are not and something goes wrong, medical professionals should be held accountable.
While in labor, some Texas mothers may experience a condition known as shoulder dystocia. This condition is a type of birth trauma that occurs when the baby's shoulders become stuck inside the mother's pelvis during delivery. It could cause problems for both the mother and child, which is why it is important to identify it right away.
Expectant mothers in Texas should know about a condition called cephalohematoma, which can develop if too much pressure is placed on the baby's head during delivery. Such trauma, even when minor, can rupture the small blood vessels in the baby's head and cause blood to pool (hematoma) underneath the scalp. The pooling is gradual, so cephalohematoma is usually detected hours or days after birth.
Infants who are born during a traumatic birth in Texas may experience facial nerve palsy as a result. Facial nerve palsy is a condition that causes the loss of the voluntary muscles in the infant's face. In an estimated 88% of cases of facial nerve palsy, the cause is due to birth trauma.
Medical mistakes are the third most common cause of death in Texas and around the country. Some medical malpractice victims who survive require around-the-clock medical care for life, which is why the damages awarded in these cases are often high. Many states, including Texas, have passed laws that limit the amount of compensation that can be awarded in medical malpractice cases, but these laws sometimes only apply to non-economic damages.
The use of forceps during delivery can result in injuries both to the baby and to the mother. Texas residents should know that while most of the injuries are minor, others can be serious. The minor injuries include bruising and scratches around the baby's face and head. On the other hand, a deep cut may lead to infection. If the mother is HIV-positive, the baby will risk contracting the infection.
Ataxic cerebral palsy is a permanent condition that children either are born with or develop later on. CP is a disorder affecting muscle movement and control, and ataxic CP is a type of CP that leads particularly to balance issues. Parents in Texas should know its symptoms, causes and treatments.
When a Texas couple learns that they are pregnant, they likely imagine that the birth will be normal with no complications. However, the child is always at risk for suffering a physical injury or physical trauma during the birth process.