Babies born at 34 weeks or more run the risk of developing a breathing condition called persistent pulmonary hypertension at birth. Before babies are born, they receive oxygen from their mother, and most of this oxygen does not reach the lungs because the blood vessels are closed. Once a newborn takes the first few breaths, the blood vessels open. Mothers in Texas should know that with PPHN, the blood vessels do not open entirely.
Difficult births in Texas occasionally result in birth injuries, like Klumpke paralysis. This paralysis limits an infant's ability to use the affected shoulder and arm. Damage to the nerves of the brachial plexus that happen during birth cause the partial paralysis. In some cases, a baby might have a drooping eye as well. Most infants have a chance of regaining most function if they receive appropriate treatment.
All Texas parents want their baby to be born healthy. Unfortunately, there are several injuries that an infant can suffer during the birthing process. One of those injuries is brachial plexus birth palsy, which is also known as Erb's palsy.
In Texas and across the U.S., many infants born prematurely suffer a brain injury called periventricular leukomalacia, or PVL. The ventricles, or fluid-filled areas, of the brain are fragile before 32 weeks of gestation, and changes to blood flow in these areas can easily lead to PVL. Infection during delivery is another possible cause of PVL.
Jaundice occurs when the blood has high levels of bilirubin, a yellow substance created from the replacement of old red blood cells. In a baby, the placenta breaks down bilirubin before the liver takes over, but liver development may be slow. Therefore, it's not unusual for infants to be born with high bilirubin levels and develop jaundice. Expectant mothers in Texas may want to know more.
Texans who are expecting a child will be excited about the future. As they take the necessary steps to plan for the birth, they are placing significant trust in the medical professionals caring for the expectant mother and unborn baby. Unfortunately, this trust can be misplaced and errors can happen. In some cases, these errors result in birth injuries that can have a lasting impact on the child’s life. Testing procedures must be followed. If they are not and something goes wrong, medical professionals should be held accountable.
While in labor, some Texas mothers may experience a condition known as shoulder dystocia. This condition is a type of birth trauma that occurs when the baby's shoulders become stuck inside the mother's pelvis during delivery. It could cause problems for both the mother and child, which is why it is important to identify it right away.
Expectant mothers in Texas should know about a condition called cephalohematoma, which can develop if too much pressure is placed on the baby's head during delivery. Such trauma, even when minor, can rupture the small blood vessels in the baby's head and cause blood to pool (hematoma) underneath the scalp. The pooling is gradual, so cephalohematoma is usually detected hours or days after birth.
Infants who are born during a traumatic birth in Texas may experience facial nerve palsy as a result. Facial nerve palsy is a condition that causes the loss of the voluntary muscles in the infant's face. In an estimated 88% of cases of facial nerve palsy, the cause is due to birth trauma.
Medical mistakes are the third most common cause of death in Texas and around the country. Some medical malpractice victims who survive require around-the-clock medical care for life, which is why the damages awarded in these cases are often high. Many states, including Texas, have passed laws that limit the amount of compensation that can be awarded in medical malpractice cases, but these laws sometimes only apply to non-economic damages.