Expecting parents in Texas should be aware of Klumpke's palsy. This is a form of paralysis that results from injuries to the lower brachial plexus, which is an array of nerves that are located in the neck and control arm movement. Infants who have this type of palsy will experience weakness and a lack of motion in their hands and forearms.
Caput succedaneum is a birth injury characterized by the swelling of a newborn baby's scalp, usually in the form of a lump or bump. While the condition is harmless, goes away after several days and has no long-term effects, it may increase the risk for infant jaundice, so parents in Texas will want to know more about the condition.
Cephalohematoma is a condition that affects 1 to 2 percent of all babies during or after birth, so expectant mothers in Texas should know more about it. CH arises when an injury during labor or delivery damages some blood vessels and causes blood to pool between a baby's scalp and skull.
Polyhydramnios is a condition where excess amniotic fluid builds up in the uterus during pregnancy. Texas women should know that though it occurs in one percent of pregnancies and is usually harmless, it can lead to serious complications like pre-term labor and premature births. It could also lead to the placenta separating from the uterus wall before birth -- a condition called placental abruption.
Uterine rupture is a serious complication that all expectant mothers in Texas should be aware of. It is rare, affecting less than 1 percent of pregnancies, and usually occurs in women with uterine scars from past cesarean sections and other uterine surgeries. In a uterine rupture, the baby can slip into the mother's abdomen, causing severe bleeding in the mother and suffocation in the baby.
A childhood seizure disorder that affects 1.2 in every 1,000 newborns in Texas and across the United States has been found to have a genetic cause. Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy, or EIEE, is a neurological disorder that typically appears within the first 10 days of life although some cases don't present until the newborn is 3 months of age. Babies with EIEE experience frequent seizures that can cause developmental delays, psychomotor impairments, intellectual impairments and early death.
Umbilical cord prolapse is a rare condition that expectant mothers in Texas should learn about. It arises during labor when the umbilical cord enters the birth canal with or before the baby. This can give rise to an even more serious condition where the umbilical cord is compressed.
While many people think that maternal death in childbirth is largely a historical phenomenon, in many cases, this is strikingly untrue. Mothers in the United States have the highest maternal mortality rate in the developed world, and there is a particularly concerning racial disparity affecting black women. Black women in Texas and across the country are three to four times more likely than white women to die or be severely injured due to pregnancy and childbirth complications.
Texas parents can seek legal recourse if injuries or other forms of medical malpractice occur during the birth of a child. It's important to note that negligence may not be restricted to medical doctors. Other medical personnel and entities, including nurses, health care facilities, pharmaceutical companies, anesthesiologists and more, might be held liable for what occurred during the birth.
Medical researchers have recently conducted an important study that may be of interest to expecting mothers in Texas. After analyzing a group of healthy first-time mothers, researchers found that those who were artificially stimulated, or induced, at 39 weeks were at a lower risk for birth-related complications than those induced at 41 weeks.